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Category Archives: Soil Service Info

Virtual Plot Tour Info – John Viertel

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 I was invited to attend a Virtual Plot Tour that was put on by FMC last week. They were talking about herbicide trials and showing how the different treatments were working. What I was really interested in was the new fungicide Xyway 3D and Xyway LFR.

This new fungicide is applied at planting in furrow, using FMC’s application system, 3RIVE 3D (which makes a foam that is laid in the furrow), or the LFR, which will be mixed with a starter fertilizer program. The label for LFR is expected later this fall for the 2021 season.

What got me excited about this new technology is that it will provide season long foliar disease protection, emergence to black layer! The benefits of this technology will be:

  • Unprecedented residual foliar disease control from an at-plant soil application.
  • Season-long, inside-out disease protection from emergence up to black layer.
  • Convenient one-pass protection at planting, ahead of disease onset.
  • Contains the highest residual and most mobile fungicide active ingredient (Flutriafol) on the market.
  • Xyway 3D is formulated for use exclusively with the 3RIVE 3D® application system, which saves water, fuel, labor and time.

The ability of flutriafol to move from the soil upward through the plant for the duration of the growing season has not been demonstrated by any other fungicide active ingredient.

With the LFR formulation, you will have the option of tank mixing other fungicides to protect against seedling diseases and/or insecticides, for protection against early season insect pressure. Being able to protect the corn plant from emergence to black layer, will give your corn better stress tolerance, stalk quality, and yield potential.

CROP CHOICE liquid starter fertilizer is the perfect fit for the Xyway fungicide program! We have had a lot of experience with starter fertilizer programs and have had good yield increases with the starter alone. Now, using this type of fungicide system which has the potential of gaining another 10-20 bushels per acre (very competitive with an aerial fungicide application), while having better standability and dry down comparable to non-treated checks, this type of program should be seriously considered for your operation.

If there are questions about a CROP CHOICE starter fertilizer/fungicide program, our contact information is listed below. It is not to soon to start thinking about the 2021 growing season!

 

My contact info:               jviertel@soilserviceinc.com or 573-680-6951 voice or text

Soil Service, Inc office:   info@soilserviceinc.com or 888-313-2360

 

John Viertel, CCA

What is a Devastator? – John Viertel

YETTER 5000 STALK DEVASTATORS  

It’s almost the middle of August! 

Since I wrote this Monday morning, a huge portion of the Midwest was hit by the very powerful “derecho.” After getting out yesterday, it looks like most of central MO was spared except for some flash flooding and tree damage (still have some small branches left in my yard). Heard of some corn that was lodged pretty bad. Mother Nature can be pretty cruel sometimes, and we hope that any damage that your operation may have sustained is minimal.

Yetter Stalk Devastator on John Deere corn head

Yet time marches on, and harvest will be here before you know it. With that in mind, below are some of the features and benefits of the Yetter Stalk Devastators. We have heard some great things about them from customers, seen some good results from private trials, and it is time to really think about how we are going to handle residue, not only this year but in the future. One of maybe the most overlooked benefit, is saving wear and tear on tires, not only on the combine (lots of them have dual tires now) but also the four-wheel drive tractors pulling the grain carts (ten tires altogether). These tires are expensive to replace and downtime during harvest might be avoided.

If you are interested in learning more about the Devastators, give us a call or send us an email. 

  • Knock over and crimp stalks, facilitating faster decomposition and microbial break down of residue
  • Prevents damage to tires & hoses on combines, trucks, tractors, grain carts, and other implements
  • Preserves residue cover, reducing erosion, and keeping the residue from blowing over the winter
  • Mounting kits for most corn heads; they are quick and easy to install
  •  Solid steel construction; long lasting and reliable
  • Spring loaded and adjustable
  • Can be locked up for transport or when not in use
  • Will not interfere with most head trailers

John Viertel, Missouri Sale Manager

Elist Speckling & Drooping – E 3 Beans – John Viertel

Last week was interesting, as I started to get calls and texts about what was going on with the E 3 beans that were being burned by the herbicide. One call wanted to know if the Landoil was causing the problem. The other, the custom sprayer had not cleaned his sprayer out and just the herbicide residue still in the system caused the burn.

First, the Landoil is not causing this. Even where just the herbicide was used, the same things are being reported.

Second, this is not a result of the trait not working. Corteva has put out a bulletin about these crop responses. They know that there can be some “speckling” or “drooping” after application.

Drooping is brought on by the plant metabolizing the 2,4-d and the plant will return to normal with in 24 hours or so. No impact on yield.

Speckling is likely (according to Corteva) a result of herbicide tank mixes and additives to the tank mix. It can also be accentuated by weather conditions at application. Again, no impact on yield. New leaves should be coming out green.

Third, it’s just a little un-nerving to see this when using new herbicide trait in our fields, I know. Many of us have used a lot of Cobra in the past. We got used to seeing the crop response from that herbicide. If the Enlist works killing the herbicide resistant weeds (and killing them completely), and if there is not a yield drag, we may have to live with the crop response to have clean fields.

 

John Viertel

Missouri Sales Manager

 

Foliar Feeding.. Why do it? – John Viertel

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Planting has been going pretty smoothly all over the state of Missouri, with a lot of the corn in the ground (emergence looks pretty good) and soybeans are going in now. So now, the focus is going to be finishing planting corn and getting the rest of the soybean crop planted. Then post emergent herbicides on both crops. That brings us to why the foliar products are listed in this blog?

First, TIMING of foliar feeding! In everything that I have read concerning producers that are acheiveing high yeilds, both in corn and soybeans, they are ustilizing a foliar fertilizer. Most of the time, in the articles, they usualy don’t mention the timing of the application. In corn, FOLIAR OPP for Corn should be applied to V-3 through V-5 corn, for an early foliar feeding. Then it can be applied again when your aerial application of fungicide. Max 72 SRN or 2075 SRN can be applied anytime that a herbicide application is made. Of course, they could be applied with the aerial application of fungicide, also.  

Soybeans benefit from the FOLIAR OPP for legumes when they get foliar fed anytime from V-3 through V-5 before the beans start blooming. This application will help keep the internodes closer together, put on more bloosums, and then help them retain those bloosums. Then it is up to Mother Nature to help put on the pods and fill them out. The second applications of the FOLIAR OPP can be made with an fungicide application at 90% pod set, to help retain those pods and to fill them out.

One of the great things about a Liberty herbicide program, is that FOLIAR OPP along with either MAX 72 or 2075 SRN’s can be added to the program. Not only will they provide those foliar nutrients to the crop, they also help the Liberty work better.

Second, when a foliar fertilizer is applied to a growing crop, it has to be absorbed into the plant and translocated throughout that entire plant (leaves, stems, and roots). That is why we always recommend using either our SOIL BOOST PLUS or SOIL BOOST EXTREME to only buffer your spray water, but to also help with the translocation because they are formulated with translocation agents in them. Then there is our recommendation of LANDOIL. In organic chemistry, “LIKE likes LIKE”. In other words, LANDOIL is a plant based surfactant being applied to a plant, the plant recognizes this and will readily accept the foliar fertilizer into its sysetem, helping the fertilizer be moved throughout the plant more efficiently.


Third, foliar feeding is not a new idea. Research has been done using a radioactive isotope to track the movement of the foliar fertilizer though the plant. Once it absorbed into the leaf, it will be translocated through out the entire plant. Anything which helps that translocation process is going to be  a benefit to the program. Both of our SOIL BOOST products have already been mention, as well as LANDOIL. SUGAR E-BOOST is another of our products that will benefit any spray program. Using SUGAR E-BOOST with a herbicide or foliar feeding program makes good sense (for not a lot of investment). SUGAR E-BOOST is like giving you crop a dose of “liquid sunshine”. And, what does sunshine do? Photosynthesis in the plant! This is producing energy in the plant, making it not ony more efficient with the foliar fertilizer, but being more efficient in taking up water and nutrients from the soil through the root system. If that plant is more efficient in doing this, it is going to be more STRESS TOLERANT  as we get into the more hot and dryer times this season.

 Fourth, tissue testing during season is also a big help, but it needs to start early, and it needs to been done often. Usually, when you see a problem in your field its to late to correct it. Tissue testing throughout the season can help pinpoint issues that can be addressed with your fertility program going forward.

Finally, foliar fertilizers need to be safe for you crop. All of our foliar products are extremely plant safe. Most can be tank mixed with most herbicide programs, but check the lables or call us to make sure. There are also procedures for the order of tank mixing with fertilizers. We can help you with our recommendations. So if you have questions, please do not hesitate to call us. May save a headache during a busy time!

 

Soil Service, Inc office:   info@soilserviceinc.com or 888-313-2360

John Viertel: jviertel@soilserviceinc.com or 573-680-6951 (voice or text)

Effects of an Early Season Frost – Derek Porter

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Effects of an Early Season Frost

 

With temperatures dipping down to the freezing mark and lower Friday night to early Saturday, I thought it would be good to cover the potential effects of a frost on this 2020 crop. Both corn and soybeans should be able to handle a light version of a frost without too many ill effects. I consider a light frost to consist of temperatures ranging from 30-32 degrees for 1-2 hours. It is possible in this scenario for corn growth to be damaged but if the plant is small (v1-V2) it should make a full recovery due to the growing point still being below ground. Soybeans can usually handle a frost better than corn if both are emerged. A light frost could damage the first true leaves of a soybean but likely not damage the soybean cotyledons. Remember the cotyledons on a soybean plant serve as the growing point.

If temperatures stay in that 30-32 degree range for a prolonged period of time (3-4 hours or longer) or a hard freeze occurs, this is where the real threat could lie. With our ground being as wet as it is in central Illinois, I would not expect a hard freeze to affect anything that is not already emerged. However, dry soil will allow a freeze to go deeper. If you are in an area with dry soils, a prolonged hard freeze could be an issue if corn sprouts are within ½” of the surface. Soybeans in this scenario should fare much better. The soybean cotyledons and hypocotyl are much tougher and resilient than a young corn seedling. Any emerged corn during a hard freeze will likely be burnt to the ground but if the corn has not reached that v4 growth stage, I would suspect it to make a full recovery. Emerged soybeans during a hard freeze should survive if the cotyledons are not permanently damaged.

You will be able to tell if corn has been hit with a frost within the first 24 hours. Corn will turn dark green then will wilt and turn pale. Soybeans will start to show damage within the first 24-48 hours after a frost, but it will take up to five days before any real assessment of the crop can be made. If new growth in soybeans has not occurred within 7-10 days after a hard frost, then decisions will need to be made for replant. For any wheat crop, I would wait for 5 days then go split some stems and examine the seed heads for damage.

Our best friend for dealing with a frost would be for the winds to pick up and cloudy conditions to occur. If it stays clear and still, this is when a frost would likely hit. Hopefully, we can get through this weekend without too much damage and continue onward with the 2020 crop. Stay safe and stay healthy!

 

Derek

Illinois Sales Manager

309-267-6905