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Category Archives: Soil Service Info

Elist Speckling & Drooping – E 3 Beans – John Viertel

Last week was interesting, as I started to get calls and texts about what was going on with the E 3 beans that were being burned by the herbicide. One call wanted to know if the Landoil was causing the problem. The other, the custom sprayer had not cleaned his sprayer out and just the herbicide residue still in the system caused the burn.

First, the Landoil is not causing this. Even where just the herbicide was used, the same things are being reported.

Second, this is not a result of the trait not working. Corteva has put out a bulletin about these crop responses. They know that there can be some “speckling” or “drooping” after application.

Drooping is brought on by the plant metabolizing the 2,4-d and the plant will return to normal with in 24 hours or so. No impact on yield.

Speckling is likely (according to Corteva) a result of herbicide tank mixes and additives to the tank mix. It can also be accentuated by weather conditions at application. Again, no impact on yield. New leaves should be coming out green.

Third, it’s just a little un-nerving to see this when using new herbicide trait in our fields, I know. Many of us have used a lot of Cobra in the past. We got used to seeing the crop response from that herbicide. If the Enlist works killing the herbicide resistant weeds (and killing them completely), and if there is not a yield drag, we may have to live with the crop response to have clean fields.

 

John Viertel

Missouri Sales Manager

 

Foliar Feeding.. Why do it? – John Viertel

 

Planting has been going pretty smoothly all over the state of Missouri, with a lot of the corn in the ground (emergence looks pretty good) and soybeans are going in now. So now, the focus is going to be finishing planting corn and getting the rest of the soybean crop planted. Then post emergent herbicides on both crops. That brings us to why the foliar products are listed in this blog?

First, TIMING of foliar feeding! In everything that I have read concerning producers that are acheiveing high yeilds, both in corn and soybeans, they are ustilizing a foliar fertilizer. Most of the time, in the articles, they usualy don’t mention the timing of the application. In corn, FOLIAR OPP for Corn should be applied to V-3 through V-5 corn, for an early foliar feeding. Then it can be applied again when your aerial application of fungicide. Max 72 SRN or 2075 SRN can be applied anytime that a herbicide application is made. Of course, they could be applied with the aerial application of fungicide, also.  

Soybeans benefit from the FOLIAR OPP for legumes when they get foliar fed anytime from V-3 through V-5 before the beans start blooming. This application will help keep the internodes closer together, put on more bloosums, and then help them retain those bloosums. Then it is up to Mother Nature to help put on the pods and fill them out. The second applications of the FOLIAR OPP can be made with an fungicide application at 90% pod set, to help retain those pods and to fill them out.

One of the great things about a Liberty herbicide program, is that FOLIAR OPP along with either MAX 72 or 2075 SRN’s can be added to the program. Not only will they provide those foliar nutrients to the crop, they also help the Liberty work better.

Second, when a foliar fertilizer is applied to a growing crop, it has to be absorbed into the plant and translocated throughout that entire plant (leaves, stems, and roots). That is why we always recommend using either our SOIL BOOST PLUS or SOIL BOOST EXTREME to only buffer your spray water, but to also help with the translocation because they are formulated with translocation agents in them. Then there is our recommendation of LANDOIL. In organic chemistry, “LIKE likes LIKE”. In other words, LANDOIL is a plant based surfactant being applied to a plant, the plant recognizes this and will readily accept the foliar fertilizer into its sysetem, helping the fertilizer be moved throughout the plant more efficiently.


Third, foliar feeding is not a new idea. Research has been done using a radioactive isotope to track the movement of the foliar fertilizer though the plant. Once it absorbed into the leaf, it will be translocated through out the entire plant. Anything which helps that translocation process is going to be  a benefit to the program. Both of our SOIL BOOST products have already been mention, as well as LANDOIL. SUGAR E-BOOST is another of our products that will benefit any spray program. Using SUGAR E-BOOST with a herbicide or foliar feeding program makes good sense (for not a lot of investment). SUGAR E-BOOST is like giving you crop a dose of “liquid sunshine”. And, what does sunshine do? Photosynthesis in the plant! This is producing energy in the plant, making it not ony more efficient with the foliar fertilizer, but being more efficient in taking up water and nutrients from the soil through the root system. If that plant is more efficient in doing this, it is going to be more STRESS TOLERANT  as we get into the more hot and dryer times this season.

 Fourth, tissue testing during season is also a big help, but it needs to start early, and it needs to been done often. Usually, when you see a problem in your field its to late to correct it. Tissue testing throughout the season can help pinpoint issues that can be addressed with your fertility program going forward.

Finally, foliar fertilizers need to be safe for you crop. All of our foliar products are extremely plant safe. Most can be tank mixed with most herbicide programs, but check the lables or call us to make sure. There are also procedures for the order of tank mixing with fertilizers. We can help you with our recommendations. So if you have questions, please do not hesitate to call us. May save a headache during a busy time!

 

Soil Service, Inc office:   info@soilserviceinc.com or 888-313-2360

John Viertel: jviertel@soilserviceinc.com or 573-680-6951 (voice or text)

Effects of an Early Season Frost – Derek Porter

 

Effects of an Early Season Frost

 

With temperatures dipping down to the freezing mark and lower Friday night to early Saturday, I thought it would be good to cover the potential effects of a frost on this 2020 crop. Both corn and soybeans should be able to handle a light version of a frost without too many ill effects. I consider a light frost to consist of temperatures ranging from 30-32 degrees for 1-2 hours. It is possible in this scenario for corn growth to be damaged but if the plant is small (v1-V2) it should make a full recovery due to the growing point still being below ground. Soybeans can usually handle a frost better than corn if both are emerged. A light frost could damage the first true leaves of a soybean but likely not damage the soybean cotyledons. Remember the cotyledons on a soybean plant serve as the growing point.

If temperatures stay in that 30-32 degree range for a prolonged period of time (3-4 hours or longer) or a hard freeze occurs, this is where the real threat could lie. With our ground being as wet as it is in central Illinois, I would not expect a hard freeze to affect anything that is not already emerged. However, dry soil will allow a freeze to go deeper. If you are in an area with dry soils, a prolonged hard freeze could be an issue if corn sprouts are within ½” of the surface. Soybeans in this scenario should fare much better. The soybean cotyledons and hypocotyl are much tougher and resilient than a young corn seedling. Any emerged corn during a hard freeze will likely be burnt to the ground but if the corn has not reached that v4 growth stage, I would suspect it to make a full recovery. Emerged soybeans during a hard freeze should survive if the cotyledons are not permanently damaged.

You will be able to tell if corn has been hit with a frost within the first 24 hours. Corn will turn dark green then will wilt and turn pale. Soybeans will start to show damage within the first 24-48 hours after a frost, but it will take up to five days before any real assessment of the crop can be made. If new growth in soybeans has not occurred within 7-10 days after a hard frost, then decisions will need to be made for replant. For any wheat crop, I would wait for 5 days then go split some stems and examine the seed heads for damage.

Our best friend for dealing with a frost would be for the winds to pick up and cloudy conditions to occur. If it stays clear and still, this is when a frost would likely hit. Hopefully, we can get through this weekend without too much damage and continue onward with the 2020 crop. Stay safe and stay healthy!

 

Derek

Illinois Sales Manager

309-267-6905

Planting 2020, Missouri – John Viertel

 

 

 Well, here it is planting season 2020, and this is only my second blog of the year. With all that is going on in the world, I hope that you and your family(s) are well!

What has been going on the past few weeks? Some have had to stay home. For essential workers (agriculture, etc.), it has been business as usual, with social distinacing, face covering, gloves, and a whole lot of hand sanitizer. All that said, I have been getting products in place for the planting and spraying season, and corn planting here in Missouri has been going on the past two weeks. This week it is going full bore! If it stays dry and warm, beans are soon to follow.

I have a 16.5 foot ROGUE VT rented and it is running. This unique vertical tillage tool does a excellent job creating a seed bed for planting. It also can roll down a cereal rye cover crop (after it heads out) for planting soybeans into. Check out videos on YouTube, and blogs from last year. If you would like to try the ROGUE VT on your operation, get in touch with us asap at the contacts below.

If you are thinking about cutting costs going into this season, we advise not to try to cut costs in your herbicide program(s). Spray you weeds when they are small (4 inches or less) and use SOIL BOOST PLUS, SOIL BOOST EXTREME, and LANDOIL in you program. These spray adjuvants will help your herbicides work better! And they have a proven track record! If you want more information on these products, check out our web site: www.soilserviceinc.com or contact us directly.

During my career in agriculture, there have been many challenges. Some have had a pretty severe impact on farmers and their operations. The Covid-19 pandemic is a challenge like we have never seen in our life times. All of us in agriculture need to stay strong and healthy, so we can continue to lead the world in food production. Also, to show, not only our county, but the whole world that we can continue to do our jobs efficiently and safely!

Have a safe and productive planting season! Stay well and do not forget to social distance. Funny concept when you are alone and in a tractor cab in the middle of 200-acre field!

 

My contact info:               jviertel@soilserviceinc.com or 573-680-6951 voice or text

Soil Service, Inc office:   info@soilserviceinc.com or 888-313-2360

John Viertel

Missouri Update – John Viertel

 

As we go into March, I am sure most of you will agree that it is wet across the Mid-West. We talked to producers from several states at the National Farm Machinery Show in Louisville, two weeks ago, and they agreed. I have also been talking to cattle producers here is Missouri. They tell me that with these conditions, their pastures are getting torn up and they will have to do some reseeding and other repairs when they dry out.

 So, if you are wondering how you are going to improve your pastures which have been tromped on all winter in these wet conditions, consider renovating with the ROGUE VT. Here are some things to consider:

  1. Top dressing and then running the ROGUE VT. The ROGUE will penetrate up to eight (8) inches, letting oxygen, manure, and the fertilizer go down into the root zone.
  2. Mix grass seed with the fertilizer, over seeding to get a improved stand in the pasture.
  3. Just run the ROGUE VT alone, to aerate, slice the grass roots (letting them spread out and thicken up), and the rolling baskets will break up and spread the cow manure.             

We have several ROGUE VT’S for sale or rental. One is equipped with an air seeder, so over seeding could be accomplished with the aeration pass.

This is the second year of wet conditions, so serious consideration should be taken to take care of your pastures. Contact us to get your machine lined up for your pasture improvement, or to get any questions you may have on this operation.

My contact info:               jviertel@soilserviceinc.com or 573-680-6951 voice or text

Soil Service, Inc office:   info@soilserviceinc.com or 888-313-2360

 

John Viertel